A non-superficial burn (e.g. the deep partial thickness and full thickness burns) will always result in a burn scar. The scar’s severity will depend on the wound’s thickness as well as other factors, such as site of the scar, its healing process, age, sex, race of the patient, etc.

Burn scars may lead to three different types of abnormal scarring:  keloid scars, hypertrophic scars, and scar contractures. Keloid scars are an overgrowth of scar tissue with the scar growing beyond the site of the injury. These scars are generally red or pink and will become dark over time. Hypertrophic scars are red, thick and raised, however they differ from keloid scars in that they do not develop beyond the site of the injury or incision. A contracture scar is a permanent tightening of the skin that may affect the underlying muscles and tendons, limit mobility and possibly lead to damage or degeneration of the nerves.

To prevent abnormal scar tissue International Clinical Recommendations on Scar Management recommend treatment of widespread burn scars with a first-line therapy of silicone gel sheeting and pressure garments.

Widespread Hypertrophic Burn Scar:

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